The Nobel Foundation has announced the names of winners of 2019 Nobel Prizes.
The Nobel Prizes for 2019 in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, economic sciences, peace, and literature have been announced. The awards are recognition of work that advances each of the respective fields. A medal, certificate and a cash award of about $ 900,000 are given to the winners.
Some of the winners include the following:
2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology is bestowed upon William G. Kaelin Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza. The trio won the prize for identifying molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to varying levels of oxygen.
2019 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz. James Peebles receive half of the award for his work on theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology. The remaining half is shared between Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for their discovery of an exo-planet orbiting a solar-type star.
2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is shared between John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino. They won the prize for developing and advancing lithium-ion batteries.
2019 Nobel Prize in Literature is shared by Austrian novelist and playwright Peter Handke for his influential work that, with linguistic ingenuity, has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience, and by Olga Tokarczuk for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.
2019 Nobel Peace Prize is bestowed upon Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for his work to bring an end to a long running border dispute between his country and neighboring Eritrea.