Katalin Kariko and Drew Weissman (Medicine); Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz and Anne L’Huillier (Physics); Moungi Bawendi, Louis Brus and Alexei Ekimov (Chemistry); Jon Fosse (Literature); and Claudia Goldin (Economics) are the winners of Nobel Prize for 2023.
The US-based duo of Hungarian-born Kariko and American Weissman won the Nobel Prize in Physiology on October 2 for research that led directly to the first mRNA vaccines to fight COVID-19. They began researching this in the late 1990s and published a key finding in 2005. Their research enabled the development of COVID-19 vaccines by Pfizer and Moderna.
The trio of Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz and Anne L’Huillier won the prize in physics on October 3 for conducting experiments that produced pulses of light so short that they were measured in attoseconds, i.e. one-billionth of one-billionth of a second. Moungi Bawendi, Louis Brus and Alexei Ekimov won the award in chemistry on October 4 for the discovery and synthesis of quantum dots, which can pave the way for the development of flexible electronics, tiny sensors, thinner solar cells and encrypted quantum communication.
Norwegian author and dramatist Jon Fosse won the Nobel Prize in Literature on October 5. Iranian rights activist Narges Mohammadi has won the Nobel Peace Prize, and Claudia Goldin won Nobel in Economics for studying women in the workforce.